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Monday, February 17, 2014

Ghezzi


After Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 – 1755)
Engraving by Girolamo Rossi II (1682- after 1762)
Drawing of Pope Clement XI
Print
30.1 x 22.6 cm
Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, Versailles



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 – 1755)
Scene from The Life of Pope Clement XI
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
29.1  cm x 19.2cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 – 1755)
Allegory on the Promulgation of the Encyclical Unigenitus
Black pen and pencil on grey and brown wash on paper
40.3 cm x  28.9 cm
Musée de Port-Royal des Champs, Magny-les-Hameaux



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Pope Clement XI  receiving Pilgrims in the presence of Cardinals
Pen and brown ink with grey wash over black chalk, heightened with white, on greenish grey paper
265 x 419 mm
The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford


Pier Leone Ghezzi (28 June 1674 – 6 March 1755) was an Italian Rococo painter and caricaturist active in Rome.

He was a  secretary to the Roman Accademia di San Luca and he organised the centenary celebrations for the academy in 1695, and invited Pope Clement XI to be an honorary fellow of the Academy

The modern interest in his work focuses mainly on his sketches and caricatures revealing a side about life in Rome in the early 18th century

Like his father he received many commissions for churches in Rome

He received many commissions under Pope Clement XI (Albani)

He and Albani got on well. 

Both originally came from Le Marche. But the Pope was a genuine admirer of his work and commissioned Ghezzi for works for the Albani family chapel at St. Sebastian outside the Walls

However his favourite artist was Marratti

A great patron of the arts, Clement XI is today remembered for his role in the Chinese Rites controversies and the issuing of the bull Unigenitus in 1713, the apostolic letter which led to the extinxtion of the formal movement we now know as Jansenism

He also thrived under Clement`s successor, Pope Benedict XIII although he did not have the same close relationship that he had with Clement

As with Clement XI, Ghezzi did a cycle of paintings on the life of Benedict XIII

It is from Ghezzi`s drawings executed in the reign of Benedict XII we see glimpses of clerical and liturgical life during the early eighteenth century in Rome. Many of these drawings are in the Louvre. 

Here are some



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
The administration of chrism by the bishop  during the sacrament of Confirmation to children
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Ceremony of reconciliation of penitents during the Jubilee Holy Year
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 


Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Call to penitents: the bishop taks and leads one of the penitents by the hand
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Blessing of a cemetery and the blessing of one of the crosses
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Blessing of oil for the sick
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Consecration of an altar: the bishop prays over the altar table
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
A bishop consecrates a newly elected bishop
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
A bishop consecrates a new church and traces a St Andrew`s Cross with his staff
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
Journey of a prelate seated on a mule and surrounded by other clerics and servants
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris 



Pier Leone Ghezzi (1674 - 1755)
The bishop confers the first tonsure
Brown ink on brown wash and white stone on paper
12.8 x 19 cm
Musée du Louvre département des Arts graphiques, Paris