Pages

Tuesday, December 04, 2007

Odilon Redon

Odilon Redon (April 22, 1840 – July 6, 1916)
Saint Jean / Saint John
1892
Pastel over charcoal, 42.5 x 29 cm
Private collection


Redon was a Symbolist painter and printmaker, born in Bordeaux.

Until he was in his fifties he worked almost exclusively in black and white, in charcoal drawings and lithographs.

In these he developed a highly distinctive repertoire of weird subjects (strange amoeboid creatures, insects, and plants with human heads and so on), influenced by the writings of Edgar Allen Poe.

He remained virtually unknown to the public until the publication of J.K. Huysmans's celebrated novel A Rebours in 1884. The book's hero, a disenchanted aristocrat who lives in a private world of perverse delights, collects Redon's drawings, and with his mention in this classic expression of decadence, Redon too became associated with the movement.

During the 1890s Redon turned to painting and revealed remarkable powers as a colourist that had lain dormant.

Much of his early life had been unhappy, but after undergoing a religious crisis in the early 1890s and a serious illness in 1894-95, he was transformed into a much more buoyant and cheerful personality, expressing himself in radiant colors in mythological scenes and flower paintings.